Land in the Caribbean islands was cheap, but the costs of setting up a sugar plantation were high. Sir Dalby Thomas in 1690 estimated that a 100 acre plantation on the island of Barbados, with 50 enslaved Africans, seven white indentured servants, sugar mill, boiling works, equipment and livestock would cost £5,625 (over £250,000 at today’s values). To recover these costs, the plantations had to produce enough good quality sugar to pay off debts and mortgages and cover the running costs each year. The owners also wanted a profit. Some families, such as the Pinneys of Nevis in the Caribbean and Bristol, were able to build up a fortune based on land, sugar producing and trading.
Enslaved people from Africa were the basis of these sugar fortunes. John Pinney, a plantation owner on the island of Nevis, wrote in the 1760s to his managers “a word respecting the care of my slaves and stock [animals] – your own good sense must tell you they are the sinews of a Plantation and must claim your particular care and attention”. He also wrote that “it is impossible for a Man to make sugar without the assistance of Negroes as to make bricks without straw”. Continue reading →
Spain’s Slavery Contract
From Discovering Bristol [edited]
Spain was building its empire in the [re]discovered lands of the Americas. It needed people to work in the mines and on the plantations that were developing. At first, the local people, AmerIndians, were used as free labour. They had been in the Americas long before the Spanish and other Europeans arrived. The AmerIndians were enslaved and forced to work by the newcomers. But, the AmerIndian population decreased rapidly after the Europeans [started exploiting and murdering them]. The Europeans came with swords and guns, as well as dogs and horses. The AmerIndians had bows and arrows and spears, and were no match for the newcomers. The Europeans brought diseases such as measles and the flu. The AmerIndians were not used to these new diseases, and they died in great numbers.
In 1500, it is estimated that there were about 50 million AmerIndians in the Americas. By 1600, after 100 years of European warfare, disease and forced labour, this number had been reduced to about 8 million. Continue reading →
One Year Anniversary Of Charleston, SC Church Shooting
Black History: Special Delivery!!
By Blackmail4u, June 17 2016
June 17 marks the one year anniversary when nine members of Mother Emmanuel AME Church in Charleston, South Carolina were murdered during a prayer meeting.
Dylan Roof was arrested for the shooting. He remains in police custody and could face the death penalty. Trial was originally set to start in July 2016 but was delayed until January 2017 to allow additional time for psychiatric evaluation of Dylan Roof.
The one year anniversary was recognized in Charleston honoring the life and legacy of the shooting victims. The one year anniversary reminds us that racism is alive and well in America.
Eric Garner Death: The Top 5 Conspiracy Theories
By Sam Prince (December 8, 2014)
While the media reports that the death of Eric Garner and the dismissal of charges against Officer Daniel Pantaleo are indicative that America is not in fact in a “post-racial” era, underground online forums claim that Garner’s death and the use of extreme police force are indicative of something more sinister: a police state.
From Ferguson to Staten Island to other police shootings all over the United States and the subsequent government forces called in to quell irate crowds of protesters, the results show one thing: the US government knows how to handle civil disobedience. Continue reading →
“They still don’t care. They’re never gonna care.” – Leslie McSpadden, mother of Michael Brown
Are black men and boys so menacing that lethal force was necessary in the slaying of a 12-year old black boy playing with a pellet gun near a playground? Lost in the expected and disappointing Michael Brown news was the slaying of Tamir Rice at the hand of a Cleveland police officer last Saturday.
Tamir was confronted Saturday by officers responding to a 911 call about a male who appeared to be pulling a gun in and out of his pants. The 911 caller said the gun was “probably fake,” then added, “I don’t know if it’s real or not.” Deputy Chief Edward Tomba said Monday that he didn’t know whether a dispatcher shared that information with responding officers. Police say Tamir Rice, who died Sunday, had an “airsoft” gun that appeared indistinguishable from…
“Black America has again been reminded that its children are not seen as worthy of being alive — in part because they are not seen as children at all, but as menacing threats to white lives.” ~Dr. Stacey Patton
Already disheartened and dismayed by the state of Missouri’sdecisionnot to indict police officer Darren Wilson for the killing of 18-year old Michael Brown, I was completely done in once I learned about the recent killing of 12-year old Tamir Riceby a Cleveland police officer. Outraged, I snapped at White friends to take responsibility for their people’s aggressive tendencies, and urged Black friends to teach their kids how to engage in guerilla-style self defense.
But then I read this speech by Dr. Stacey Patton, who helps us to see that these killings are part of a much larger project of White supremacy to
CNN is reporting a first-degree murder guilty verdict in the so-called “loud music” trial of Michael Dunn, who was charged with killing Florida teen Jordan Davis in 2012. The jury took less that 6 hours to come back with a decision.
This was the second trial in the case; back in February of this year a mistrial was declared on charge of murdering Jordan Davis. Dunn had been found guilty in that trial of 3 counts of attempted second degree murder and one count of hurling a deadly missile.